Brief introduction to TEMA HEAT EXCHANGERS design and selection
TEMA Standards are worldwide accepted as the authority on shell and tube heat exchangers design and manufacturing. These standards are the most commonly used in a wide range of industries throughout the world: refineries, oil and gas, power generation, etc.
Aging assets. the big choice of plant owners
Nowadays, many factors are seriously affecting major oil companies. Market conditions and uncertainties, aging assets, or decarbonization requirements will necessarily impact on their future investment strategies and business models. A transformation of their business paradigm is not only a challenge right now but also an opportunity as well, to continue leading the industry of energy. […]
Deformations in storage tanks
When deformations appear in existing storage tanks, both atmospheric and low pressure, which exceed the maximum defined in the API 653 standard, the immediate step is to analyze the serviceability of the equipment (1) to guarantee an acceptable level of safety and accurately determine its remaining life (2) as well. (1) FFS – Fitness For […]
Refinning sector: New oportunities for energy efficiency improvements
Written by Mili Bueno Rivas Energy efficiency is key in the oil refining sector, and has a direct impact on the reduction of CO2 emissions generated by its activity. I have always had a number in my head. From all the OPEX that a refinery has, almost 60% are energy costs… and that’s right. In the […]
What is risk-based inspection (RBI)?
Risk-Based Inspection (RBI) methodology is a quantitative approach for establishing an inspection program using risk-based methods for static pressurized equipment, including pressure vessels, piping, tanks, pressure-relief devices (PRDs), and heat exchanger tube bundles, among others. Content Codes and standards The following RBI international standards and codes are within the most relevant: API 580 – Risk […]
GRP/FRP pipelines. Piping flexibility calculations
FRP (Fiber Reinforced Plastics pipes) or GRP (Glass Reinforced Plastics pipes) , both terms are interchangeable, are composite material pipes consisting of a polymer matrix reinforced with glass fibers. GRP pipes have very high corrosion resistance ability and are used widely for low-temperature corrosion-resistant applications, such as in corrosive water services. Currently, the GRP pipes are slowly […]